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Anticorruption examination regulations, draft laws and regulations: the legal framework, concept, and classification

Keywords:

E.G. Shalomentseva


Analysis of the work of law enforcement bodies and law enforcement practice shows that the current regulatory legal acts contain a significant number of provisions that abuse of power and, as a consequence of the corruption. After the adoption of the Federal law dated 17.07.2009 no. 172-FZ «On anti-corruption expertise of normative acts and draft normative and legal acts») and a number of regulations of the organizational measures it should be noted that anticorruption expertise delivered on a system basis. The anti-corruption expertise aims to identify corruption-standards and implementation of preventive role against corruption. The goal of anti-corruption expertise is to detect and eliminate legal prerequisites for corruption (corruption factors, which in essence is identified with the elimination of defects of legal norms, the legal formula). Species classification of anti-corruption expertise is based on certain criteria that allows orient themselves in diversity of concepts and / or objects. Many subjects and objects of anti-corruption examination of regulatory acts and their drafts should be considered taking into account the limits of authority, the powers of state bodies and bodies of local self-government, the relevant authorities as laws and regulations, in conjunction with other normative legal acts, subject to the validity, objectivity and verifiability of the results of anti-corruption expertise and competence of persons who engage in it. The diversity of the positions of researchers to the definition of anti-corruption expertise, its classification according to different criteria, status of subjects of its holding, the nature of anti-corruption expertise of various public authorities indicates the need to improve its regulation and, first of all, in terms of definition of anti-corruption expertise in general, as well as definitions of anti-corruption expertise with regard to its species.
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