Radiotekhnika
Publishing house Radiotekhnika

"Publishing house Radiotekhnika":
scientific and technical literature.
Books and journals of publishing houses: IPRZHR, RS-PRESS, SCIENCE-PRESS


Тел.: +7 (495) 625-9241

 

A simulation evaluation with attention focusing

Keywords:

V.V. Smirnov – Ph. D. (Eng.), Consultant, «Delis Arkhiv Ltd.» (Moscow). E-mail: vitaly_smirnov@mail.ru


The paper discusses the basic principles of modeling of processes occurring on estimated perception level when a conflicts are take place. It is suggested that a necessary condition for the implementation of the evaluation is the existence of relations (conscious or unconscious) between needs and properties of evaluated object. It is noted that traditionally particular cases of this relations are included in a needs model or in a evaluated object model, and each model of evaluation focused only on certain classes of objects. The paper highlighted two approaches to evaluation. In the approach number one the resulting estimate is an estimate of the final or intermediate result towards the goal, and the result is presented in the assessment as a summary of behavior. In the approach number two, called needs-oriented, the resulting estimate is an estimate of the object, which is destined to meet the needs. It is proposed an approach to the formalization of the evaluation process, in which a needs model and an object model are considered as independent models. A comparison of a needs model and an object model occurs directly in the evaluation process. This approach is more corresponded to the psychology of evaluation than the traditional approach in which the needs model and evaluated object model are inseparable from each other and often even from the model of the evaluation process. It is proposed a model of needs-oriented evaluation, which includes the main types of information processes (extraction, submission, storage and processing of data and knowledge). Unique element of model is secondary needs which are generated due to any limits of information processes resources or because of conflicts, ensuring their resolution by analogy with the way it does in the central nervous system. Information processes resources are understood possibilities for extraction, representation, storage and processing of data and knowledge. Examples of such resource limitations in the human brain may serve as a time during which a neuron can be in the excited state, the number of neurons in the brain, the speed of information exchange between the hemispheres of the brain, etc. Similar restrictions of information processes resources take place in computers. Examples of these limitations are time and memory for each thread in the multithreaded tasks. The paper presents an estimation process model applicable to any needs and any estimated objects which involve the evaluation of perception with attention focusing.
References:

 

  1. Smirnov V.V., Fominykh I.B. Sposoby razreshenija konfliktov v gibridnykh intellektualnykh sistemakh // Sb. trudov 14 Nacion. konf. po iskusstv. intellektu «KII-2014». T. 1. Kazan: RMC «SHkola». 2014. S. 215−223.
  2. Azgaldov G.G. Teorija i praktika ocenki kachestva tovarov (osnovy kvalimetrii). M.: EHkonomika. 1982. 256 s.
  3. Nugaev P.M., Nugaev M.A. Kachestvo zhizni v trudakh sociologov SSHA // Sociologicheskie issledovanija. 2003. № 6. S. 100−104.
  4. Baturin N.A. Ocenochnaja funkcija psikhiki. M.: Institut psikhologii RAN. 1997. 312 s.
  5. Sidorov K.R. Razlichie potrebnostejj, motivov i celejj v psikhologii // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. 2011. № 1. S. 82−86.
  6. Baturin N.A., JUsupova JU.L. Izmenenie ocenok pod vlijaniem razlichnykh faktorov // Vestnik JUzhno-Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2008. T 3. № 33(133). S. 4−17.
  7. Mekhanizmy semantiki: chelovek – nejjron – model // Nejjrokompjutery: razrabotka, primenenie. 2011. № 12. S. 54−64.
  8. Sadykova S.T. Modelirovanie integralnykh robotov v Matlab. 2012. [EHlektronnyjj resurs]: http://repository.enu.kz/bitstream/handle/123456789/3345/matlab.pdf.
  9. Falikman M.V. Obshhaja psikhologija. V 7 t.: uchebnik dlja studentov vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenijj / Pod red. B.S. Bratusja. T. 4. Vnimanie. M.: ACADEM\'A. 2006. 480 s.
  10. Bazylbaeva A.A., SHevcov A.N. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie osnovy razvitija vnimanija u mladshikh shkolnikov. Ponjatie o vnimanii. Fiziologicheskie osnovy vnimanija u mladshikh shkolnikov // Sb. trudov Mezhdunar. nauchno-prakticheskojj konf. «Vlijanie nauchnykh issledovanijj / Wpływbadań naukowych». T. 10. Polsha, Býdgoshh. Izd-vo Wydawca: Sp. zo.o. «Diamondtradingtour». 2013. S. 79−83.
  11. Bulatova M.E., Utochkin I.S. Vosprijatie razmera individualnykh obektov v ansambljakh pri sfokusirovannom i raspredelennom vnimanii // Psikhologija. ZHurnal Vysshejj shkoly ehkonomiki. 2013. T. 10. № 3. S. 44−53.
  12. Lysak I.V., Belov D.P. Vlijanie informacionno-kommunikacionnykh tekhnologijj na osobennosti kognitivnykh processov // Izvestija JUFU. Tekhnicheskie nauki. 2013. № 5. S. 256−264.
  13. Glazunov JU.T. Modelirovanie dinamiki raspredelenija vnimanija v processakh celepolaganija // Vestnik Baltijjskogo federalnogo universiteta im. I. Kanta. 2012. № 5. S. 47−55.
  14. Sudakov K.V. Normalnaja fiziologija. M.: OOO «Medicinskoe informacionnoe agentstvo». 2006. 920 s.
  15. Hopfield J.J. Neurons with graded response have collective computational properties like those of two-state neurons // Proc. of the National Academy of Science. 1984. V. 81. P. 3088−3092.
  16. Lipman R. An introdaction to computing with neural nets // IEEE Acoustic,Speech and Signal Processing Magazine. 1987. № 2. P. 4−22.
  17. Kazanovich JA.B., Borisjuk R.M. Nejjrosetevaja model slezhenija za neskolkimi obektami // Nejjroinformatika. № 1(1). 2006. S. 4−33.
  18. Iljasov F.N. O reproduktivnom povedenii i ne tolko (prodolzhenie diskussii) // Monitoring obshhestvennogo mnenija. 2013. № 4. S. 173−180. http://www.iliassov.info/2013/potreb-v-detiah-2.pdf.
  19. Smirnov V.V. EHnergija i informacija v ocenivanii kachestva medicinskojj diagnostiki // Nejjrokompjutery: razrabotka, primenenie. M.: Radiotekhnika. № 12. 2013. S. 50−56.
  20. Ilin E.P., Motivacija i motivy. SPb.: Piter. 2002. 512 s.
  21. Frege G. Smysl i denotat // Sb. nauch. statejj «Semiotika i informatika». M.: Operaselecta. 1997. № 35. S. 352−379.
  22. Stepanov JU.S. Semiotika / Pod red. E.I. Volodina. In-t jazykoznanija AN SSSR. M.: Nauka. 1971. 167 s.
  23. Maslow A.H. Motivation and Personality. NewYork: Harpaer & Row. 1954.
  24. JAdov V.A., Magun V.S., Borzikova P.V., Vodzinskaja V.V., Kajurova V.N., Saganenko G.I., Uzunova V.N., Semenov A.A. Samoreguljacija i prognozirovanie socialnogo povedenija lichnosti / Pod. red. V.A. JAdova. L.: Nauka. 1979. 264 s.
  25. Gavrilova T.A., KHoroshevskijj V.F. Bazy znanijj intellektualnykh sistem. Ucheb. posobie. SPb.: «Piter». 2001. 384 s.
  26. Kurpatov A.V., Averjanov G.G. Rukovodstvo po sistemnojj povedencheskojj psikhoterapii. Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks. 2013. 571 s.
  27. Azgaldov G.G., Kireev S.E., Kostin A.V., Kynin A.T., Levochkina N.V., Priven A.I., Smirnov V.V., Fedoseev A.V., JAskevich E.E. Metodika provedenija ocenki sootvetstvija tekhnologijj proizvodstva produkcii (rabot, uslug) grazhdanskogo naznachenija mirovomu urovnju razvitija nauki i tekhniki. M.: Rossijjskaja venchurnaja kompanija. 2013. 62 s. [EHlektronnyjj resurs]: https://www.rusventure.ru/ru/programm/analytics/docs/201405_RVC_estimation_technique.pdf.
  28. Fominykh I.B. O tekhnologii reshenija tvorcheskikh zadach // Sb. trudov VIII Nacionalnojj konf. po iskusstv. intellektu «KII-2002». T. 1. M.: Fizmatlit. 2002. S. 519−526.
  29. Saati T.L. Matematicheskie modeli konfliktnykh situacijj. M.: Sov. radio. 1977. 304 s.
  30. Fominykh I.B. Adaptivnye sistemy i informacionnaja model ehmocijj // Sb. trudov Mezhdunar. konf. «Intellektualnoe upravlenie: novye intellektualnye tekhnologii v zadachakh upravlenija (ICIT 99)». M.: Fizmatlit. 1999. S. 76−85.
  31. Tarasov V.B. Ot mnogoagentnykh sistem k intellektualnym organizacijam. M.: EHditorial URSS. 2002. 352 s.
  32. Algazin G.I. Centralizacija i decentralizacija v bazovykh igrovykh modeljakh organizacionnykh sistem // UBS. 2012. № 36. S. 144−172.
  33. Kano N., Seraku N., Takahashi F., Tsuji S. Attractive Quality and Must-Be Quality // Journal of the Japanese Society for Quality Control. 1984. № 14(2). P. 147−156.
  34. Saati T. Prinjatie reshenijj. Metod analiza ierarkhijj. M.: Radio i svjaz. 1993. 320 s.
  35. Sereda S.G., Batulin I.S., Sokol V.V. Modeli i metody povyshenija ehffektivnosti nauchnojj i obrazovatelnojj kommunikacii na Internet-resursakh. V. Novgorod. 2009. 151 s.
  36. Leontev D.A. Cennost kak mezhdisciplinarnoe ponjatie: opyt mnogomernojj rekonstrukcii // Voprosy filosofii. 1996. № 4. S. 15−26.
  37. Kotov A.V. Motivacija i konflikt v sistemnykh mekhanizmakh iniciacii povedencheskogo akta // Vestnik Mezhdunar. akademii nauk. Russkaja sekcija. 2006. № 2. S. 18−24.

 

© Издательство «РАДИОТЕХНИКА», 2004-2017            Тел.: (495) 625-9241                   Designed by [SWAP]Studio