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Energy aspects of dynamics of metal surface destruction

Keywords:

M.V. Mousokhranov – Ph.D.(Eng.), Associate Professor, Kaluga branch of the Bauman MSTU
E-mail: marls77@ya.ru
V.V. Kalmykov – Senior Lecturer, Kaluga branch of the Bauman MSTU
E-mail: kalmykovvv@bmstu.ru


The creation of surfaces and their operation are accompanied by similar physical phenomena. This is due to the fact that the prevailing majority of methods for manufacturing the surfaces of machine parts and mechanisms is associated with the removal of the material layer, i.e. Destruction, as in the case of wear of ex-products. Therefore, there are general thermodynamic or energy criteria for estimating the state of surfaces.
In the theory of machining, surface formation is accompanied by elastoplastic deformations leading to residual stresses. The stress state of the parts is explained by the energy phenomena occurring inside and on the surface. From this follows the assumption that the energy criterion can be the missing link for a reliable assessment of the state of surfaces as a result of both mechanical processing and operation. The internal and surface energies evaluate the state of the surface layer at any time. Having determined the relationship between the power expended on the formation and the energy state of the obtained surface, it is possible to rationally establish the modes of processing, operation, and to give reliable forecasts of the durability of the operating condition of the surfaces of machine parts.
Thus, the review of literature sources did not reveal a single energy criterion that allows us to evaluate the physico-mechanical processes accompanied by the formation of a new surface. Consequently, the work aimed at finding such a criterion is relevant.

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May 29, 2020

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